Healthy Living in the North

Achoo! Flu season is near

Hands under running water

Proper hand washing is an important step that you can take to prevent the spread of the flu virus! Do you know how to properly wash your hands?

The cold weather is fast approaching and we are again reminded that influenza (the flu) season is near. For many Canadians, catching the flu can be a miserable experience. Symptoms include fever, body aches, headache, dry cough, and fatigue. For some, the flu can lead to bacterial infection such as ear infection, sinus infection, or pneumonia. Even healthy people can get very sick from the flu and spread it to others.

For the best protection against influenza, I recommend getting your flu shot.

There are also some additional ways you can prevent the spread of flu. At one time or another, all of us have endured the experience of someone sharing their germs. It isn’t a pleasant experience! So be kind to your friends and neighbours; practice coughing and sneezing etiquette! Influenza is easily spread from person to person through coughing, sneezing, or having face-to-face contact. It is also spread through touching objects and surfaces that have been contaminated by the virus.

This video by ImmunizeBC shows how influenza spreads:

You can reduce the risk of getting and spreading the flu virus by:

  • Washing your hands regularly (especially after coughing, sneezing, or blowing your nose)
  • Coughing and sneezing into your shirt sleeve rather than your hands
  • Putting your used tissue in the waste basket
  • Staying home when you are ill
  • Getting an influenza vaccine. Visit ImmunizeBC to find a clinic near you!

To properly wash your hands, follow these steps:

  1. Remove rings or other jewelry on the hands and wrists.
  2. Wet your hands with warm water.
  3. Wash all parts of your hands with plain soap and water for at least 20 seconds, rubbing hands together to create lather. To help children learn the timing to wash their hands, sing the ABC song.
  4. Rinse hands well under warm running water.
  5. Dry hands with a clean cloth or paper towel.
  6. Use the towel to turn off the tap and open the door when you leave if you are in a public restroom.

If soap and water are not available, use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer. After applying the gel or foam, rub your hands together until they are dry. This is an easy way to clean your hands as long as they are not visibly dirty.

More information

Kathryn Germuth

About Kathryn Germuth

From northern B.C., Kathryn worked as a public health nurse in the communities of Terrace and Kitimat before filling in as the Public Health Communications Liaison Nurse. Kathryn has a passion for healthy community work and health promotion. She loves living in the north and experiencing all it has to offer including going for a jog amongst our beautiful scenery. This Christmas, she is expecting a new addition to her family and excited for all the new experiences and joy that will bring.


Hand washing during flu season and beyond!

Soapy hands and a running water tap.

Germs are unavoidable but you can reduce their presence on your hands and reduce the chances of passing them on by following some basic hand cleaning steps!

You can’t avoid germs. They are always collecting on your hands – when you open doors, change diapers, play with toys, handle money, and carry out all sorts of daily tasks. While you can’t avoid germs, you can reduce their presence on your hands, and the chance of passing them on to others, by cleaning your hands often. Good hand hygiene is important to reduce the spread of germs that can cause influenza and other illnesses such as colds, diarrhea, or vomiting. Getting into the habit of cleaning your hands often is important during flu season and beyond!

Clean your hands before:

  • Preparing or eating food
  • Feeding your baby or child
  • Giving a child medication

Clean your hands after:

  • Preparing or eating food
  • Changing a diaper
  • Using the toilet
  • Sneezing, wiping, or blowing your nose (or your child’s nose)
  • Playing with pets or animals
  • Taking care of a child or sick family member
  • Playing outdoors, in group settings, or with toys

How to clean your hands with soap and water:

  1. Remove any jewelry on the hands and wrists. Wet your hands under running water.
  2. Scrub your hands well with soap for at least 40-60 seconds. Pay close attention to the areas between your fingers, your fingernails, and both the front and back of your hands. To get the timing down, teach children to sing the ABC song while they wash.
  3. Rinse your hands under running water.
  4. Dry your hands with a clean towel.

Alcohol-based hand sanitizers can also be used if no soap and water is available, but be sure to wash your hands with soap and water if they are visibly dirty.

How to clean your hands with alcohol rubs:

  1. Remove any jewelry on the hands and wrists.
  2. Apply a palmful of product in a cupped hand and rub your palms together. Rub all areas of your hands well (including between your fingers, fingernails, and both the front and back of your hands) for at least 20-30 seconds.
  3. Let your hands dry.
Kyrsten Thomson

About Kyrsten Thomson

Based in Terrace, Kyrsten is a public health communications liaison nurse. Her role focuses on promoting immunization awareness and supporting internal and external communications. Kyrsten moved to Terrace seven years ago after graduating with a nursing degree in Ontario. As a student, she knew public health was her passion, especially work in health promotion and community development. She fell in love with the north and all the fantastic outdoor activities right at her fingertips. Since moving to the north, Kyrsten has started a family, taken up hiking, running, and enjoys spending summer days at the cabin.